System Analysis and Design 2


Assignment – A

Question 1. Explain different categories of a system.

Question 2. Describe the Development Life cycle models with respect to Project Planning. 3. Construct a system development program for your organization. Research how they analyzed their SYSTEM OF INTEREST (SOI), its OPERATING ENVIRONMENT, and respective system elements. How this analysis reflects in the SOI architecture?

Question 4. Describe the Software cost estimation methods and guidelines.

Question 5. Create your own Definitions of a system, based on the “system” Definitions.

Assignment – B

Question 1. Describe IT and Organizational Structures.

Question 2. For your organization, identify how following are related to the systems, product, or services it provides–
(a) Problem space(s)
(b) Opportunity space(s)
(c) Solution space(s)

Question 3. Describe the following–
(a) Project Communication
(b) Project Development Phases

Case Study

Rajesh is a do-it-yourself entrepreneur who built up his fortune in trading. He traded in anything and everything, and kept close control of every activity. That was how he had grown rich enough to indulge in his one dream – to build a college in his hometown. A college that would be at par to the ones in the better cities, the ones in which he could not study himself.

Work started a year back and the buildings were coming along well. He himself did not use computers much and became hooked to the Internet and e-mail only recently. He was determined to provide a PC with Internet connectivity to every students and faculty member. He was currently engrossed in plans for the 100 – seated computer lab.

What was confusing him was the choice of Internet connectivity. He had about a dozen quotes in front of him. Recommendations ranged from 64 kbps ISDN all the way to 1 Gbps leased line to Guwahati, which was almost 200 km away. Prices ranged from slightly under a lakh all the way up to Rs 25 lakh and beyond. He did not understand most of the equipment quoted – firewall, proxy server, cache appliance. Nor was he sure what the hidden costs were. Although it went against his very nature, he would have to identify a trustworthy consultant who would help him make sense of the whole thing.

(a) In the context of the given case, what managerial issues need to be addressed by Rajesh? Why is it important for managers to be tech savvy?
(b) What is the importance of a ‘systems consultant’ to an organization? What skills should he/she possess?

Assignment – C

1. —– is the most important factor of management information system.
(a) System
(b) Output
(c) Element
(d) All of the above

2. Types of system are–
(a) Physical systems
(b) Abstract systems
(c) Open system
(d) all of the above

3. A close system is a–
(a) System which has limited shape.
(b) System which is rigid and mathematical
(c) Both a & b
(d) None of the above

4. Characteristics of a system–
(a) Has certain objective and goal.
(b) Does not operate in isolation.
(c) Both a & b.
(d) None of these.

5. Attributes of DSS are–
(a) Flexibility.
(b) Simple model.
(c) Both a&b.
(d) None of above.

6. Structured decisions are–
(a) Decision making on students’ result.
(b) Decision about payroll systems.
(c) Both.
(d) None.

7. Unstructured decision example–
(a) Production scheduling.
(b) Capital budgeting.
(c) Both.
(d) None.

8. System objective are —
(a) To maintain the company’s share in the market.
(b) To increase the net profits of the company.
(c) To maintain the current efficiency.
(d) All of above.

9. Integrated dictionary is related to a–
(a) Database.
(b) Database management sys.
(c) Meta data.
(d) None of above.

10. VTOC means–
(a) Visual table of contents.
(b) Input process output.
(c) Both.
(d) None.

11. Database is a collection of _______ & its relation to each other and refers to the __________ of layer or coverage in space defined by co-ordinate referencing system.
(a) Information, location
(b) Spatially referenced, location
(c) Information, geo-referencing
(d) None

12. GIS data is either ________ data or ________ data.
(a) Spatial, attribute
(b) Spatial, dynamic
(c) Domain, dynamic
(d) Domain, attribute

13. Statistics is the set of mathematical methods used to _______ & __________ data.
(a) Collect, analyze
(b) Censuses, track
(c) Both a & b
(d) None

14. What is an open system is that–
(1) Interacts with the environment constantly.
(2) Has an infinite scope in all organization services
(3) Does not interact with the environment constantly.
(4) Is generally flexible and abstract.
(a) 1,2,3,4
(b) 1, 2, 4
(c) 2, 3, 4
(d) 1, 3, 4

15.A data dictionary has consolidated list of data contained in–
(1) Data flows.
(2) Data stores.
(3) Data outputs.
(4) Processes.
(a) (1) and (3)
(b) (1) and (2)
(c) (3) and (4)
(d) (1) and (i4)

16. A data dictionary is useful as–
(1) A documentation aid.
(2) Support in designing input forms.
(3) Data in an application including temporary data used in processes.
(4) A good idea in system design.
(a.) (1) and (2)
(b.) (1) and (4)
(c.) (1) , (2) and (3)
(d.) (1) and (3)

17. Which of the following model is used as frame work?
(a) Waterfall model.
(b) Spiral model
(c) Both a&b
(d)All of the above

18. Which of the following model is well suited for requirement change?
(a) Waterfall model.
(b) Spiral model
(c) Both a&b
(d) All of the above

19. What is integration testing?
(a) Integrating all modules
(b) Integrating all function of a module
(c) Both a&b
(d) All of the above

20. What is information?
(a) Meaningful data.
(b) Row data
(c) Dynamic Data
(d) All of the above

21. Strategic information is used by–
(a) Top level
(b) Middle level
(c) Both a&b
(d) All of the above

22. Technical information is used by–
(a) Top level
(b) Middle level
(c) Both a&b
(d) None of these

23. Operational information is used by–
(a) Top level
(b) Middle level
(c) Both a&b
(d) None of these

24. Integrated dictionary is related to a–
(a) Database
(b) Database management sys.
(c) Mete data
(d) None

25. A data element in a data dictionary may have–
(a.) Only integer value.
(b.) No value.
(c.) Only real value.
(d.) Only decimal value.

26. The major problems encountered in off-line data entry are–
(1) Data are entered by operators.
(2) Data entered by hand in forms – batch and forms may be missed or misread.
(3) Errors are detected after a lapse of time.
(4) Data are entered by users.
(a.) (1) and (2)
(b.) (1) and (3)
(c.) (2) and (3)
(d.) (3) and (4)

27. In interactive data input terminal commands are normally used to–
(a.) Enter new data.
(b.) Add/Delete Data.
(c.) Select one out of many alternatives often by a mouse click.
(d.) Detect errors in data input.

28. By the term “concise code” we understand that the code–
(a.) Conveys information on item being coded.
(b.) Is of small in length.
(c.) Can add new item easily.
(d.) Includes all relevant characteristics of item being coded.

29. Serial numbers used as codes are–
(1) Concise.
(2) Meaningful.
(3) Expandable.
(4) Comprehensive.
(a.)(1) and (2)
(b). (2) and (3)
(c.)(2) and (4)
(d.)(1) and (3)

30. Group classification codes are–
(1) Concise.
(2) Meaningful.
(3) Expandable.
(4) Comprehensive.
(a.) (1) and (2)
(b.) (1), (2) and (3)
(c.) (2), (3) and (4)
(d.) (1), (2) and (4)

31. For modulus-11 check digit to detect a single transposition error–
(a.) Weights should be distinct.
(b.) Weights may be equal and > 0.
(c.) Weights should be less than 0.
(d.) Weights should be > 0 and distinct.

32. If a field is known to represent days of a month, radix used to check should be–
(a.) 30
(b.) 31
(c.) 28
(d.) 29

33. I O controls includes–
(a) Process schedules
(b) Dispatching (report) details
(c) Machine operations
(d) a&b

34. Machine operations include–
(a) System flow
(b) Detailed instruction
(c) JCL listing
(d) all

35. Which is not an implementation component?
(a)Hardware installation
(b) Testing
(c) Both
(d) None

36. System Evaluation component are–
(a) Internal controls.
(b) Deficiencies.
(c) Recommendation.
(d) All

37. Which of the following is not a tool for application proto-typing?
(a) Third generation language
(b) Report generator
(c) Screen generator
(d) Application generator.

38. The records in a file on magnetic tap–
(a) Have to be arranged in a key sequence
(b) Can only be accessed serially
(c) One for backup
(d) Can not be transferred to disk file.

39. Which of the following is not considered a tool at the system design phase?
(a) Data Flow Diagram
(b) Decision table
(c) System flow chart
(d) Pie chart.

40. In proto-typing the following are used–
(a) Screen generator
(b) Input generator
(c) Application generator
(d) All of the above.