IT Project Management-1

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SKU: AMSEQ-144 Category:

Section – A

Question 1: Put in plain words about the main differences between software review and software inspection or walkthrough.

Question 2: Lines of code (LOC) and function point (FP) are two measures of the size of a system. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of using these two metrics for measuring systems.

Question 3: What are the major risk factors which may be encountered in the development of software?

Question 4: What are ‘throwaway’ prototypes and ‘evolutionary’ prototypes? How can production of a prototype be controlled and why is this important?

Question 5a): How does development of software differ from that of hardware from a quality viewpoint?

Question 5b): What are the main objectives of configuration management and version control?

Section – B

Question 1a): Describe how cost benefit evaluation techniques can be used to choose the best among competing project proposal.

Question 1b: Briefly outline the objectives of the Software Project Planning and the Software Project Tracking and Oversight key process areas found in level 2 of the CMM (Capability Maturity Model).

Question 2a: Describe with an example how the project schedule is evaluated using PERT.

Question 2b): Give an outline of step wise planning activities for a project with neat diagram.

Question 3: Produce a critical path network, showing the earliest start times and latest finish times for each task, using the data in the table below. Write down the sequence of tasks on the critical path.

 

Section – C

Q1. Which of the following principles of project management defines and controls the functions that are to be included in the system?

a. Project quality management

b. Project time management

c. Project cost management

d. Project scope management

 

Q2. A (n) ____ is one that can be measured or estimated in terms of dollars and that accrue to the organization.

a. net present value (NPV)

b. tangible benefit

c. breakeven point

d. intangible benefit

 

Q3. A determination of economic feasibility of the project always requires a thorough ____.

a. cost/benefit analysis

b. proof of concept prototype

c. system scope document

d. work breakdown structure (WBS)

 

Q4. A(n) ____ is a good tool for monitoring the progress of a project as it moves along.

a. entity-relationship diagram (ERD)

b. Gantt chart

c. work breakdown structure

d. context diagram

 

Q5.The ____ is a sequence of tasks that cannot be delayed without causing the project to be completed late.

a. float

b. critical path

c. payback period

d. milestone

 

Q6. An example of an intangible benefit is ____.

a. increased levels of service

b. reduced employee morale

c. lost productivity

d. lost customers

 

Q7. Which of the following principles of project management identifies all stakeholders?

a. Project Risk Management

b. Project Communication Management

c. Project Human Resource Management

d. Project Time Management

 

Q8. Projects initiated through strategic planning are sometimes described as ____ projects

a. critical

b. top-down

c. prototype

d. weighted

 

Q9.A ____ combines three components: the problem description, the business benefits, and the system capabilities.

a. proof-of-concept prototype

b. context diagram

c. system scope document

d. data flow diagram (DFD)

 

Q10. A ____ describes the purpose of the new system, the potential start and completion dates, and the key stakeholders and sponsors of the new system.

a. cost/benefit analysis

b. project schedule

c. work breakdown structure (WBS)

d. project charter

 

Q11. ____ are normally described in terms of the influences that can change the financial statements, either by decreasing costs or increasing revenues.

a. Work breakdown structures

b. Intangible benefits

c. Scope documents

d. Business benefits

 

Q12. During the planning phase of the system development life cycle (SDLC), the ____ helps to define the scope of the problem.

a. critical path method (CPM) chart

b. project evaluation and review technique (PERT) chart

c. proof of concept prototype

d. context diagram

 

Q13. There are two general approaches for building a ____: (1) by deliverable and (2) by a sequential timeline.

a. system scope document

b. work breakdown structure (WBS)

c. proof of concept prototype

d. context diagram

 

Q14.The objective of ____ is to calculate a percentage return so that the costs and benefits are exactly equal over the specified time period.

a. return on investment (ROI)

b. project evaluation and review technique (PERT)

c. cost/benefit analysis

d. net present value (NPV)

 

Q15. The objective of ____ is to determine a specific value based on a predetermined discount rate.

a. project evaluation and review technique (PERT)

b. return on investment (ROI)

c. cost/benefit analysis

d. net present value (NPV)

 

Q16. Which of the following is a responsibility of the project manager from an external perspective?

a. report project status and progress

b. assess project risks

c. assess team members to tasks

d. develop project schedule

 

Q17. What is the structured approach called for developing software and information systems?

  1. Software design
  2. Prototyping
  3. Systems development life cycle
  4. Systems methodology

 

Q18. Which software process model requires the least involvement of user?

a) Iterative enhancement Model

b) Spiral Model

c) Prototyping Model

d) Waterfall Model

 

Q19. Three major categories of risks are

a) Business risks, personnel risks, budget risks.

b) Project risks, technical risks, business risks.

c) Planning risks, technical risks, personnel risks.

d) None of the above

 

Q20. Which of the following best describes the capability of software to satisfy business requirements?

a)   Compatibility.

b)   Scalability.

c)   C) Both a and b

d)   Functionality.

Q21. ____requirements describe operational characteristics related to the environment.

a. Performance

b. Technical

c. Reliability

d. Usability

 

Q22. ____ requirements describe operational characteristics related to users.

a. Usability

b. Technical

c. Reliability

d. Performance

 

Q23. ____ requirements are most often documented in graphical and textual models.

a. Security

b. Nonfunctional

c. Technical

d. Functional

 

Q24. A representation of some aspect of the system being built is a ____.

a. tool

b. technique

c. model

d. GUI

 

Q25. An inter-task dependency in which two tasks must finish at the same time is referred to as.

a) Start-to-finish (SF)

b) Finish-to-finish (FF)

c) Start-to-start (SS)

d) None of the above

 

Q26. Which of the following is the estimated amount of time required to complete a task, based on a weighted average of pessimistic, optimistic, and expected duration?

a) Minimal duration

b) Earliest completion.

c) Weighted average duration.

d) Most likely duration

 

Q27. The WBS for the project represents:

a)   All the tangible items that must be delivered to the client.

b)   All the work that must be completed for the project.

c)   The work that must be performed by the project team.

d)   All the activities of the project.

 

Q28. Your company has an emergency and needs contracted work done as soon as possible. Under these circumstances, which of the following would be the helpful to add to the contract?

a)   A clear contract statement of work

b)   Requirements as to which subcontractors can be used

c)   Incentives

d)   A force majeure clause

 

Q29. A prototype has which of the following characteristics?

a. Includes work procedures, both extensive and throwaway

b. Is operative and executable, is focused on a specific objective, is quickly built

c. Has good look and feel, is executable, and is complete

d. Is quickly built, has mock-up, and is complete

 

Q30. The type of prototype used during the analysis phase is the ____ prototype.

a. discovery

b. evolving

c. interface

d. functioning

 

Q31. The purpose of joint application design (JAD) is to ____.

a. establish a design environment

b. design a prototype

c. expedite the design of the system

d. expedite the investigation of system requirements

 

Q32. A group support system (GSS) is a computer system that ____.

a. facilitates group discussion sessions

b. supports all employees in the same group

c. provides secure access to a group of users

d. permits users to form personal groups

 

Q33. The objective of a structured walkthrough is to ____.

a. fix problems in the system

b. inform the project leader of progress

c. find errors and problems

d. walkthrough a piece of work

 

Q34. You are a project manager who was just assigned to take over a project from another project manager who is leaving the company. The previous project manager tells you that the project is on schedule, but only because he has constantly pushed the team to perform. What is the FIRST thing you should do as the new project manager?

a)   Check risk status.

b)   Check cost performance.

c)   Determine a management strategy.

d)   Tell the team your objectives.

 

Q35. The customer requests a change to the project that would increase the project risk. Which of the following should you do before all the others?

a)   Include the expected monetary value of the risk in the new cost estimate.

b)   Talk to the customer about the impact of the change.

c)   Analyze the impacts of the change with the team.

d)   Change the risk management plan.

 

Q36. Conflict resolution techniques that may be used on a project include confronting, smoothing, forcing and:

a)   Withdrawing.

b)   Directing.

c)   Organizing.

d)   Controlling.

 

Q37. The document that is proof of upper management’s commitment to the project and gives the authority to manage the project to the project manager is called:

  1. The project plan.
  2. The project goals and objectives.
  3. The project charter.
  4. The project definition.

 

Q38. Which of the following represents the estimated value of the work actually accomplished?

a)   Earned value (EV)

b)   Planned value (PV)

c)   Actual cost (AC’,

d)   Cost variance (CV)

 

Q39. A ____ model shows what the system is supposed to do in great detail, without committing to any one technology.

a)   logical

b)   physical

c)   vertical

d)   horizontal

 

Q40. ____ requirements are based on the procedures and rules that the organization uses to run its business.

a. Physical

b. Functional

c. Logical

d. System