Information Technology for Managers-2A

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Information Technology for Managers-

 

Assignment A

 

1. Discuss the importance of Information as a resource.

2. How is MIS used in Personnel Management?

3. What is the concept of Enterprise Resource Planning?

4. Explain how is organization a system, where inputs are processed to get a desired output.

5. What does the term Feasibility mean? What feasibility requirements concern the System Analyst?

6. How do you create an expert system?

7. How is the information useful in system analysis? Explain

8. Write short notes on any three of the following

a. Primary & Secondary memory

b. Operating System

c. Networking

d. E Commerce

e. Internet as a source of business information

 

Assignment B

 

Read the case study given below and answer the questions given at the end

 

Case Study

 

A waiter takes an order at a table, and then enters it online via one of the six terminals located in the restaurant dining room. The order is routed to a printer in the appropriate preparation area: the cold item printer if it is a salad, the hot-item printer if it is a hot sandwich or the bar printer if it is a drink. A customer’s meal check-listing (bill) the items ordered and the respective prices are automatically generated. This ordering system eliminates the old three-carbon-copy guest check system as well as any problems caused by a waiter’s handwriting. When the kitchen runs out of a food item, the cooks send out an ‘out of stock’ message, which will be displayed on the dining room terminals when waiters try to order that item. This gives the waiters faster feedback, enabling them to give better service to the customers. Other system features aid management in the planning and control of their restaurant business. The system provides up-to-the-minute information on the food items ordered and breaks out percentages showing sales of each item versus total sales. This helps management plan menus according to customers’ tastes. The system also compares the weekly sales totals versus food costs, allowing planning for tighter cost controls. In addition, whenever an order is voided, the reasons for the void are keyed in. This may help later in management decisions, especially if the voids consistently related to food or service. Acceptance of the system by the users is exceptionally high since the waiters and waitresses were involved in the selection and design process. All potential users were asked to give their impressions and ideas about the various systems available before one was chosen.

Questions:

a) In the light of the system, describe the decisions to be made in the area of strategic planning, managerial control and operational control? What information would you require to make such decisions?

b) What would make the system a more complete MIS rather than just doing transaction processing?

c) Explain the probable effects that making the system more formal would have on the customers and the management.

 

Assignment C

 

Q1: In digital computer, data is represented in –

a) Decimal Form

b) Binary form

c) Octal form

d) Hexadecimal form

 

Q2: Add, subtract, multiple and logic operations are performed by –

a) Registers

b) Control unit

c) ALU

d) None of these

 

Q3: The data processing consists –

a) Capturing the input data

b) Manipulating the data

c) Handling the output

d) All of the above

 

Q4: A plotter is –

a) An impact device to produce good quality graphics

b) An output device to produce drawings and graphics

c) A fast output device using camera lenses

d) None of the above

 

Q5: Which of the following is/are GUI based operating system?

a) MS DOS

b) UNIX

c) Window 3.1

d) Windows Vista

 

Q6: The largest unit of storage is –

a) Terabyte

b) Petabyte

c) Exabyte

d) Zettabyte

 

Q7: Machine language programs are written using –

a) 0’s and 1’s

b) Mnemonic codes

c) English like words

d) None of the above

 

Q8: A file is corrected immediately after the input of a transaction. This is an example of –

a) Sorting

b) Batching

c) On line updating

d) Off line updating

 

Q9: A logic gate is an electronic circuit which –

a) Makes logic decisions

b) Allows electron flow only is our direction

c) Works on binary algebra

d) Alternates between 0 & 1 values

 

Q10: An organized collection of logically relate data is known as –

a) Data

b) Meta data

c) Database

d) Data versus information

 

Q11: A JPG is –

a) A Jumper Programmed Graphic

b) A format for an image file

c) A type of hard disk

d) A unit of measure for memory

 

Q12: Another word for “Graphics for a word processor”?

a) Peripheral

b) Clipart

c) Highlight

d) Execute

 

Q13: The name of E-computer programs usually developed by government agencies that can be freely copied and used –

a) Public domain software

b) Freeware

c) Shareware

d) Pirated software

 

Q14: Some software packages attempt to encode the knowledge and decision rules of human specialists in order to use them for making their own decisions.

This software is referred as –

a) Artificial intelligence packages

b) Expert systems

c) Knowledge based systems

d) None of these

 

Q15: Following is not a responsibility of DBMS software –

a) Creating physical and logical designs

b) Removing flagged records for deleting

c) Creating and maintaining the data dictionary

d) Monitoring performance

 

Q16: On which of the following sites can you set up your e-mail account –

a) www.linux.org

b) www.gre.org

c) www.syvum.org

d) www.gmail.com

 

Q17: What is a URL?

a) A computer software program

b) A type of UFO

c) The address of a document or ‘page’ on the world wide web

d) An acronym for Uniform Resource learning

 

Q18: What is the difference between Internet and an intranet?

a) One is public, the other is private

b) One is safer than the other

c) One can be monitor, the other can’t

d) None of the above

 

Q19: Decision making is which activity

a) Intuitive

b) Cognitive

c) Systematic

d) Analytic

 

Q20: Decision support system are used for –

a) Line managers

b) Top level managers

c) Middle level managers

d) System user

 

Q21: A Management Information System (MIS) is one which –

a) Is required by al managers of an organization

b) Processes data to yield information of value in tactical management

c) Provides operational information

d) Allows better management of organization

 

Q22: A set of programs that handle firms database responsibilities is called –

a) DBMS (Database Management System)

b) Database processing System

c) Data Management System

d) All of the above

 

Q23: To access information from a database, you need –

a) EIS

b) DBMS

c) MIS

d) None of the above

 

Q24: Newspaper, magazine, radio, television are example of

a) Storing information

b) Retrieving information

c) Communication information

d) Acquiring information

 

Q25: The architecture of the MIS plan provides:

a) A way to handle the system or subsystem by way of simplification on,

coupling and decoupling of subsystems.

b) For preparing the schedule of the system in the overall information requirement

c) An online information on the stocks markets and the accounts balance.

d) None of these.

 

Q26: Management science also known as mathematics.

a) Operations research

b) Management accounting

c) Exchange commission

d) System theory

 

Q27: EIS should offer the capability to into the data.

a) Drill down

b) Drill Up

c) Drill diagonal

d) All of the above

 

Q28: The business re-engineering requires a major change in the

a) Machine

b) Mindset

c) Material

d) Infrastructure

 

Q29: Which of the following system helps you with making a decision about a non structured problem?

a) A.I.

b) Neutral Network

c) Genetic Algorithms

d) D.S.S.

 

Q30: Inventory is also referred to as

a) Stock

b) Warehouse Capacity

c) Material

d) Material in hand

 

Q31: are knowledge based system to which present rules are applied to solve a particular problem .

a) ES

b) AI

c) KBS

d) Base rule

 

Q32: A system Theory of organization sees the firm as a

a) Network of resource flow

b) System transforming inputs into output

c) Physical System managed by a manager using a conceptual system

d) All of the above

 

Q33: decision are those decision for which policy standards or guidelines are already established

a) Programmable

b) Control

c) Predictive reports

d) Relevant

 

Q34: Which of the following is not an important principle for evaluating the raw data for decision making

a) Selection

b) Pattern

c) Average

d) Over View

 

Q35: A DBA is a

a) A person

b) A Computer device

c) A Communication technique

d) All of the above

 

Q36: A constraint that does not affect the feasible solution region is known as

a) Redundant Constraint

b) Unbounded solution

c) Slack variable

d) Surplus variable

 

Q37: The product structure file is also called as

a) Item master file

b) Bill of materials file

c) Operations file

d) All of the above

 

Q38: Computer support to the manager has been in

a) Alternative identification

b) Alternative selection

c) Problem identification

d) Alternative evaluation

 

Q39: A central purpose of most decision support systems is

a) To build a model of the decision making problem

b) To design a database management system

c) To build an expert system

d) None of the above.

 

Q40: The four major corporate resources are money, material, information and

a) People

b) Icons

c) Information System

d) None of the above